Other Spinal Disorders Articles

What Is Lordosis?

Swayback is often caused by lordosis; an abnormal inward curve of the lumbar spine.

Spina Bifida in Adults: Getting the Resources You Need

Why is it so hard for adults with spina bifida to get the help they need? Our experts explain, and discuss strategies for ongoing care.

COVID-19 and Transverse Myelitis: In Her Words

Hear first-hand what it’s like to live with a rare spinal condition induced by COVID-19.

Spina Bifida: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Spina bifida is a neural tube defect resulting in mild to severe disabilities, depending on where the unprotected portion of the spinal cord is and how much is exposed. Here’s what you need to know.

Adjacent Segment Disease and Back Pain

Adjacent segment disease, a known complication of spinal fusion, can also be caused by degenerative changes in the back and neck.

How to Recognize Cauda Equina Syndrome

It’s nerve compression, but not just run-of-the-mill nerve compression. Cauda equina syndrome is an emergency that needs to be treated quickly.

Could COVID-19 Be Causing This Rare Spinal Cord Disorder?

Can COVID-19 cause a rare spinal condition called transverse myelitis? Learn what TM is and see the evidence connecting the two conditions.

Coccydynia is Tailbone Pain

Coccydynia is the medical term for tailbone pain in your coccyx. Coccydynia symptoms can make sitting painful and uncomfortable.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis

Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disorder that affects nerve cells in the spinal cord responsible for muscle movement and control.

Spinal Trauma: Beyond Spinal Cord Injury

Overview of 6 types of spinal trauma beyond spinal cord injury includes diagnosis, treatment and next steps after serious neck or back injury.

Synovial Cysts in the Spine

Synovial cysts in the spine are benign (not cancer), fluid-filled sacs that develop in the facet joints of the lumbar spine as a result of degeneration. A synovial cyst in the low back is pictured and a spine surgeon explains how a cyst is diagnosed and treated.

FAQs about Flatback Syndrome

A loss of normal low back lordosis or actual kyphosis in the lumbar spine may produce a symptom called flatback syndrome.

Facet Joint Syndrome

Facet Joint Syndrome. The facet joints are a common cause of spine-related pain. When the facet joints are affected in the neck or cervical spine it typically causes pain in this area as well headaches and difficulty rotating the head. The facet joints allow the spine to move forward (flexion) and backward (extension).

Tarlov Cysts and Back Pain

Tarlov cysts, also called perineural and sacral nerve root cysts, can compress a spinal nerve root causing back pain, weakness and numbness that may radiate into the legs.

Paget’s Disease and Your Spine

Paget’s disease is the second most common bone disorder in the United States, behind osteoporosis.

Chiari Malformation: A Basic Overview

Chiari malformation is a condition that causes brain tissue to settle into the spinal canal. It develops where your skull and neck (cervical spine) come together.

Intervertebral Disc Infection: Discitis and How it Affects Children

Discitis, or disc space infection, is an inflammation of the intervertebral disc.This rare disease, which impacts 1 out of every 100,000 people, can occur in adults but is more common in children.

What is Syringomyelia?

Syringomyelia occurs when a fluid-filled cyst or syrinx forms within the spinal cord. As the cyst progressively grows larger, the spinal cord is compressed and be damaged.

Spinal Infection: Epidural Abscesses

The symptoms of an epidural abscess can be subtle, and symptoms vary based on the location of the abscess.

Cervical Sports Injuries: The Stinger

Burners and stingers are cervical injuries that occur when the head and/or neck is forcefully hit and moved to one side causing the shoulder to be pulled in the opposite direction. Stinger injuries are often associated with playing sports such as footfall, basketball or soccer.

Avascular Necrosis: What is it?

Kummel disease is a rare variation of avascular necrosis (AVN) that can affect the spine’s vertebrae, usually the thoracic spine (mid back) region. Osteonecrosis, aseptic necrosis and ischemic bone necrosis are other names for this bone disease.


Arachnoiditis is a debilitating condition characterized by severe stinging and burning pain and neurologic problems. It is caused by an inflammation of the arachnoid lining; one of the 3 linings that surround the brain and spinal cord.

Understanding Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM)

Acute flaccid myelitis is a rare disease; in fact, fewer than one in a million people will develop it. Anyone, from children to adults, can get AFM. Be informed about the symptoms and prevention.

Osteomyelitis: Vertebral Infection

Vertebral osteomyelitis is the most common form of vertebral (spinal bone) infection, though it’s a relatively rare disease.

Vertebral Osteomyelitis: Rare Spinal Infection Can Cause Severe Back Pain

Vertebral osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone usually caused by bacteria. In the spine it is commonly found in the vertebrae, although the infection can spread into the epidural and intervertebral disc spaces.

Discitis: Disc Space Infection

Discitis, or disc space infection, is an inflammatory lesion of the intervertebral disc that occurs in adults but more commonly in children.

Pain Dictionary for Patients

A dictionary of terms associated with back pain for patients.

Study: Stereotactic Body Radiosurgery for Metastatic Spinal Tumors

A patient-friendly explanation of study on the effectiveness of stereotactic body radiosurgery on patients with metastatic spinal tumors.

Surgery and Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Study

A patient-friendly explanation of study on surgery's effectiveness on patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

Spina Bifida Occulta and Open Spina Bifida - A Patient's Guide

The term spina bifida covers malformations that always include deformities of certain parts of the vertebrae, the spinous process and vertebral arch. It has been described as a failure of these bones to fuse during early fetal development.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Thoracic outlet syndrome is a condition that stems from impingement on a network of nerves called the brachial plexus, which can cause pain and weakness in your upper extremities. Article discusses other symptoms, causes, and treatments for this condition.