References: 1 - 50 Lumbosacral Fusion

Lumbosacral Fusion: Cages, Dowels and Pedicle Screws

1) Ahrens JE, Risk DE: Correlation of fusion cage subsidence and preoperative bone mineral density. 13th Annual Meeting North American Spine Society, San Francisco, 1998.

2) Bagby GW: Arthrodesis by the distraction-compression method using a stainless steel implant. Orthop 11:931-934, 1988.

3) Baker JK, Reardon PR, Reardon MJ, et al: Vascular injury in anterior lumbar surgery. Spine 18:2227-2230, 1993.

4) Benzel EC, Ferrara L, Baldwin N: Multidirectional stabilizing potential of BAK interbody spinal fusion system for anterior surgery (letter). J Spinal Dis 11:454-455, 1998.

5) Blumenthal SL, Regan JJ, Hisey MS, et al: Can threaded fusion cages be used effectively as stand-alone devices? 14th Annual Meeting North American Spine Society, Chicago, 1999.

6) Boden SD, Davis DO, Diaz TS, et al: Abnormal magnetic resonance scans of the lumbar spine in asymptomatic subjects: A prospective investigation. JBJS 72A: 403-408, 1990.

7) Bradford DS: Revision of failed lumbar fusion: A comparison of anterior autograft and allograft. Spine 22:2748-2755, 1997.

8) Brodke DS, Dick JC, Kunz DN, et al: Posterior lumbar interbody fusion. A biomechanical comparison including a new threaded cage. Spine 22:26-31, 1997.

9) Buck BE, Malinin TI: Bone transplantation and human immunodeficiency virus: An estimate of risk of AIDS. Clin Orthop 303:8-17, 1994.

10) Burns BH: An operation for spondylolisthesis. Lancet 224:1233-1239, 1933.

11) Buttermann GR, Glazer PA, Hu SS, et al: Revision of failed lumbar fusions: A comparison of anterior autograft and allograft. Spine 22:2748-2755, 1997.

12) Calandruccio RA, Benton BF: Anterior lumbar fusion. Clin Orthop 35:63-68, 1964.

13) Capener, N: Spondylolisthesis. British Journal of Surgery 19:374-386, 1932.

14) Chow SP, Leong JC, Ma A, et al: Anterior spinal fusion for deranged lumbar intervertebral disc. Spine 5:452-458, 1980.

15) Cizek GR, Boyd LM: Imaging pitfalls of interbody spinal implants. 14th Annual Meeting North American Spine Society, Chicago, 1999.

16) Closkey RF, Parsons R, Lee CK, et al: Mechanics of interbody fusion. Spine 18:1011-1015, 1993.

17) Cloward RB: Lesions of the intervertebral disks and their treatment by interbody fusion methods. Clin Orthop 27: 51-77. 1963.

18) Cloward RB: Spondylolisthesis: Treatment by laminectomy and posterior interbody fusion. Clin Orthop 154: 76-82. 1981

19) Cloward RB: The treatment of ruptured lumbar intervertebral discs by vertebral body fusion. J Neurosurg 10: 154-168. 1953.

20) Colhoun E, McCall IW, Williams L, et al: Provocation discography as a guide to planning operation on the spine. JBJS 70B: 267-271, 1989.

21) Crawley GR, Grant BD, White KK: A modified Cloward's technique for arthrodesis of the normal metacarpophalangeal joint in the horse. J Vet Surg 17:117,127, 1988.

22) Crock HV: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion: Indications for its use and notes on surgical technique. Clin Orthop 165:157-163, 1982.

23) DeBowes RM, Grant BD, Bagby GW, et al: Cervical vertebral interbody fusion in the horse. Am J Vet Res 45:141-156, 1984.

24) Dennis S, Watkins R, Landaker S, et al: Comparison of disc space heights after anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Spine 14:876-878, 1989.

25) Deyo RA, Cherkins D, Conrad D, et al: Cost, controversy, crisis: Low back pain and the health of the public. Ann Rev Pub Health 12:141-156, 1991.

26) Dolan P, Earley M, Adams MA: Bending and compressive stresses acting on the lumbar spine during lifting activities. J Biomech 27:1237-1248. 1994.

27) Fernyhough JC, White JF, LaRocca H: Fusion rates in multilevel cervical spondylosis comparing allograft fibula with autograft fibula. Spine 16:561-564, 1991.

28) Flynn JC, Hoquema MA: Anterior fusion of the lumbar spine. End result study with long-term follow-up. JBJS 61A: 1143-1150, 1979.

29) Forristall RM, Marsh HO, Pay NT: MRI and contrast CT of the lumbar spine: Comparison of diagnostic methods and correlation with surgical findings. Spine 13:1049-1054, 1988.

30) Fraser RD: Interbody, posterior, and combined lumbar fusions. Spine 20:167S-177S, 1995.

31) Frymoyer JW, Pope MH, Clemens JH, et al: Risk factors in low back pain. JBJS 65A: 213-218, 1983.

32) Fujimaki A, Crock HV, Bedbrook GM: The results of 150 anterior lumbar interbody fusion operations performed by two surgeons in Australia. Clin Orthop 165:164-167, 1982.

33) Gill K, Blumenthal S: Functional results after anterior lumbar fusions at L5-S1 in patients with normal and abnormal MRI scans. Spine 17:940-942, 1992.

34) Glazer PA, Colliou O, Klisch SM: Biomechanical analysis of multilevel fixation methods in the lumbar spine. Spine 22:171-182, 1997.

35) Glazer PA, Colliou O, Lotz JC, et al: Biomechanical analysis of lumbosacral fixation. Spine 21:1211-1222, 1996.

36) Goldner JL, Urbaniak JR, McCollum DE: Anterior disc excision and interbody spinal fusion for chronic low back pain. Ortho Clin North Am 2:543-568, 1971.

37) Greenough CG, Fraser RD: The effects of compensation on recovery from low back injury. Spine 14:947-955, 1989.

38) Greenough CG, Peterson MD, Hadlow S, et al: Instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion: Results and comparison with anterior interbody fusion. Spine 23:479-486. 1998.

39) Hacker RJ: Comparison of interbody fusion approaches for disabling low back pain. Spine 22:660-666, 1997.

40) Haher TR, Yeung AW, Merola AA, et al: An in vitro biomechanical investigation of spinal interbody fusion devices. 14th Annual Meeting North American Spine Society, Chicago, 1999.

41) Harmon PH: Anterior excision and vertebral body fusion operation for intervertebral disc syndromes of the lower lumbar spine. Clin Orthop 26:107-127, 1963.

42) Harmon PH: Results from the treatment of Sciatica due to Lumbar Disc Protrusion. American Journal of Surgery 80:829, 1950.

43) Heithoff KB, Mullin JW, Holte D, et al: Failure of radiographic detection of pseudarthrosis in patients with titanium lumbar interbody fusion cages. 14th Annual Meeting North American Spine Society, Chicago, 1999.

44) Hodgson AR, Stock FE: Anterior spinal fusion. Br J Surg 44:226-275, 1956.

45) Hodgson AR, Stock FE: Anterior spine fusion for the treatment of tuberculosis of the spine. JBJS 42:295-310. 1960.

46) Hoover NW: Methods of lumbar spine fusion. JBJS 50A: 194-210, 1968.

47) Humphries AW, Hawk WA, Berndt AL: Anterior interbody fusion of lumbar vertebrae. Surg Clin North Am 41:1685-1700, 1961.

48) Inoue SJ, Watanabe T, Hirose A, et al: Anterior discectomy and interbody fusion for lumbar disc herniation: A review of 350 cases. Clin Orthop 183:22-31, 1984.

49) Ito H, Tsuchiya J, Asami G: A new radical operation for Pott's disease. JBJS 16B: 499-515, 1934.

50) Iwahara T: A new method of vertebral body fusion. Surgery (Japan) 8:271-287, 1944.

Updated on: 09/26/12
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References: 51 through 102

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