Spinal Research Archives for Professionals

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Facet Joint

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the sagittal high power photograph of the L4-L5 facet joint and foramen in the spine.

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash - Cancer

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash. View breast cancer metastasis of C6 with a pahtological Fracture.

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology - Upper Sacrum

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology. View the axial section through the upper sacrum Icm caudal.

The Role and Timing of Decompression in Acute Spinal Cord Injury

Abstract concerning conservative care and preventive measures of acute spinal cord injury.

Nerve Blocks: Part 2

Part 2 is a discussion of different types of blocks including peripheral and sympathetic nerve blocks.

The Discography Controversy: Discussion

Risks of discography include discitis, neurologic and visceral injury, dye reactions, and spinal headache. Spinal cord injury, vascular injury, prevertebral abscess, and subdural empyema have been reported post-discography.

Outcomes of Allogenic Cages in ALIF and PLIF: Discussion

A number of studies have examined the outcome of interbody fusions. It should be realized that there are many types of spinal surgical techniques and healing processes.

Radiographs, CT Scans, Myelography, MRI, Bone Scan, Electrodiagnostic Tests and Discography

Plain radiographs of the spine can identify deformity, most fractures, destructive lesions, spondylolisthesis, and spondolytic changes but are less sensitive for soft tissues.

Imaging: Lumbosacral Fusion

Current imaging techniques are suboptimal in evaluating spinal interbody fusion.

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology - Sacroliliac Joint

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology. View the axial section through the sacroiliac (SI) joints of a 29-year old female.

Spine Foundation and Spine 10x25 Initiatives Focus on Reducing Spine-Related Disability

The goal of the Spine Foundation and Spine 10 x 25 Initiative is to reduce spine-related disability by 10% by the year 2025. Learn more about these organizations.

A Health Professional's Guide to Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery(VATS)

video assisted thoracoscopic surgery information for healthcare professionals

Recurrent L4 L5 Herniation Video

Video from Medtronic Sofamor Danek and the Hughston Sports Medicine Foundation. Professionally oriented video discusses the procedure.

Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Video

Professional surgical video from Medtronic Sofamor Danek discusses technique for Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

Laparoscopic Bone Dowel System

A professionally oriented video from Medtronic Sofamor Danek discusses a Laparoscopic Bone Dowel System.

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash - Craniocervical

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash. View the gross disruption at the craniocervical junction.

Posterior Occipitocervical Instrumentation and Fusion for Ventral Compression in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Case Report

Case Report for posterior occipitocervical instrumentation and fusion for ventral compression in rheumatoid arthritis.

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Partial Collapse of the L1 Vertebra

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the partial collapse of the L1 Vertebra due to a superior endplate failure.

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Degenerated L3 L4 Disc

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the axial section thorugh a severely degenerated L3-L4 disc.

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Midlumbar Vertebra

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the pathological fracture of a midlumbar vertebra.

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Upper Sacrum (Young Female)

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the sagittal section through the pedicles of the same specimen as in the normal lower lumbar spine and upper sacrum of a young female.

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash - C5 C6 Herniation

Cervical Spine Injuries,Fracture and Whiplash. View the large disc herniation at C5-C6.

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology - Spinal Canal, Foramina, L5-S1 Disc

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology. View the axial section through the spinal canal and foramina of the L5-S1 disc.

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash - Multiple Facet Joint Ruptures and Fractures

Cervical Spine Injures, Fractures and Whiplash. View the multiple facet joint ruptures of the transverse processes from C4 to C6.

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash - Occipital Condyle Fracture

Cervical Spine Injuries,Fractures and Whiplash. View the Occipital condyle fracture.

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Midlumbar Spinal Canal through L4-L5

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View a closeup view of the midlumbar spinal canal in a severely degenerated and stenotic specimen.

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology - Degenerated L5 Disc

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology. View the sagittal closeup of the posterior half of a moderately degenerated L5-S1 disc at the lateral recess level.

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Root Canal

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the same specimen as in number 16 of the index,this section is through the L4-L5 neuroforamen.

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology - Severely Degenerated Lower Lumbar Spine

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology. View the severely degenerated lower lumbar spine.

Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF): Technical Feasibility and Initial Results

An abstract describing the use and results of minimally invasive TLIF techniques.

Psychological Factors that Influence Elective Surgical Outcome for Chronic Pain Patients

Pain relief is the primary reason why patients undergo elective surgery in the United States. There are a number of psychological factors that should be considered before elective surgery is considered with patients experiencing persistent or chronic pain.

Fusion Versus Disc Replacement for Discogenic Pain

The ultimate treatment for symptomatic disc degeneration should be disc arthroplasty instead of arthrodesis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical (OR) Setup and Equipment

View the set up of equipment in the operating room for an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Pre-op Planning

In this multi-part article, the author discusses a surgical technique for anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Results

A review of the patients who underwent anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis, the complications and conclusions.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Compression and Closure

Compression and closure discussion and photos of an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Screw Placement

Description with excellent images of screw placement in an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Graft Harvest for Fusion

The graft harvest stage of an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Anterior Surgery for Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: Rationale and Technique

Thoracolumbar burst fractures occur after the thoracolumbar spine fails in axial compression, which may result from trauma.

Precision Injection Techniques for Diagnosis and Treatment of Lumbar Disc Disease: The Next Step

Precision spine injections are potentially powerful tools for both diagnosing and treating the anatomic source of chronic spinal pain.

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: Technical Considerations - Part B

Various routes for administration of epidural steroids are discussed; figures included.

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: Technical Considerations, Part A

Fluoroscopic guidance and contrast medium greated increase the accuracy and safety of epidural steroid injections.

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: Conclusion

Epidural steroid injections have a role in radicular pain, as proven with some controlled and many uncontrolled studies, including meta-anaylses.

References: When, How, and Why to Use Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: An Overview

References for the article "When, How, and Why to Use Epidural Corticosteroid Injections."

Procedural Safety Guidelines for Cervical Epidural Steroid Injections: Appendix 1: Part A

Safety guidelines for cervical epidural steroid injections.

When, How, and Why to Use Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: An Overview

Spinal epidural steroid injections are commonly utilized in the treatment of acute spinal pain and may provide diagnostic confirmation of a specific "pain generator."

Procedural Safety Guidelines for Cervical Epidural Steroid Injections: Appendix 1 - Part B

Part B of Appendix 1 that outlines safety guidelines for cervical epidural steroid injections.

Selective Epidural Injection: Section 1

A selective epidural injection is a variation of the selective nerve root injection.

Selective Epidural Injection: Section 2

A selective epidural approach ensures that the injection incorporates all the sites where pathology can affect the nerve.

A Discussion of the Trans1 AxiaLIF

Doctor Larry T. Khoo, CoDirector of the Comprehensive Spine Center in Santa Monica discusses the Trans1 AxiaLIF® surgical procedure.
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